First I must begin by requesting that my stories and journals remain anonymous. To the chosen student that I have decided to leave all my works to in case of an emergency, I urge you to change the names of all the participants of this quest. It is very important that you understand the severity of the situation if we were to ever be found out. It is my only request that under no circumstance are you to change or edit any of my words and information, other then the names I have mentioned in this story. Now….. I must tell you about my epic tale, about the day I traveled back in time to experience with my own eyes, absolute chaos.
It was June 24th, 2015 when we discovered how to time travel. You know, the concept of movement between certain points in time, typically using a hypothetical device known as a time machine. I cannot go into much detail on how we were able to create this unnatural phenomena, because our lives depend on the secrecy of our works, and also I do not have much time to write these days so I am going to focus souly on the true purpose of my writing this. You see when we discovered time travel, it was only natural that a group of mad scientist would choose to travel back to see something so mad. I am a volcanologist, so I just suggested The Minoan Eruption. My four good friends, Edwin (The Physicist), Keith (The Biologist), Eva (The Chemist), and Richmond (The Meteorologist) all agreed, while the others were not so easy to convince, but in the end we compromised on seeing dinosaurs later. If we ever Lived longed enough.
3:30pm June 30th, 2015
Today is the day we are scheduled to travel back at around 8:00pm tonight, so I only have a little bit of time to brief you on the catacalistic events that occured that day. I will try to be quick, so as to not bore you. Also none of my collegues know that I am documenting the events of today, so I will be writing this in secret and I do apologize if my writing becomes hard to decipher.
The Minoan Eruption of Thera (also known as the Sanorini Eruption) was a major catastrophic volcanic eruption. The eruption was one of the largest volcanic events on Earth in recorded history, coming in second after the Yellow Stone Eruption. The Minoan Eurption is believed to have erupted in the year of 1613 B.C. It devastated the island of Santorini, including the Minoan settlement at Akrotiri. Neighboring islands such as Crete suffered from the effects of the earthquakes and tsumanis that took place Because of the eruption.
When The Minoan Tuff erupted, layers were found all throughout The island of Santorini. These different layers told us the different phases of the eruption that occured. These phases are used to describe the different deposites that came out of the vent, and it showed us the different ways that rocks were deposited as a result of the eruption. Just one deposite can be a phase.
In Phase 0 of the eruption, we had Lapili/ash fall. This occurs when the vent opened narrow enough to allow a puff of ash and lapili to escape and is flown south of the island due to the wind. This exposed the magma in the vent to atompspheric pressure.
In Phase 1 the vent begins to expand, and pumice fall begins. This started due to an unsteady, hot, sub-plinian column deposites pumice. These different sized pumices were transportanted throughout the island via wind, and fell at 400 degrees Celsius. The caldera then began to excavate sideways.
In Phase 2, water was able to enter the widening vent from a shallow bay nearby creating pyroclaitc surges evident in the ash, lapili, and lithic fragments throughout the island. When the water interacted with the magma, the water began to boil causing the pyroclatic surges (200-300 degrees Celsius). Because of the water that entered the vent the material began to cool here. Alternating layers of lapili, ash, and lithic fragments are found here due to the surges.
In Phase 3, the vent continues to widen even more, and magma begins to come out of the vent. Pyroclatic flows (created by the excavation of sea water coming in contact with magma) deposite material all at once.
Lastly in Phase 4, the caldera starts excavating and collapse. This Phase is known as the caldera collapse. Lithic fragments of every composition were deposited in scour channels, a thin layer from extention, and pyroclastic flows/surges. After this the magma chamber gets emptied out through pyroclatic flows, and the vent begins to migrate northward.
The only way I know how to describe this eruption, is that is was complete and utter chaos. The island of Santorini that we see now looks like that, because of the Minoan Eruption.
7:45pm June 30th, 2015
I have decided that will leave my work here, in case I do not come back from this trip. I have set out arrangements, so that if I do not come back my work will be sent out to one of my pupils and he/she will continue to do what I unforntunely cannot do anymore. Also, I have great news. I have spoken to my friends, and we have decided that if this journey turns out to be successful and we are able to document and prove what we have done, we will go public. We will share the actual footage of the Minoan Eruption. So if you are reading this right now, it means something went terribly wrong and i’m probably lost in space. But be be patient, I assure you I am not finished here.
1. “MInoan Eruption” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 20 June 2018. Web 27 January 2018.